2013 | Norfolk County Council
Mar-14 | Norfolk County Council
Long term conditions
Mar-14 | Norfolk County Council
Exercise, activity & diet
Drugs & alcohol
Smoking prevalence continues to fall with the level of current smokers in Norfolk lower than England. Smoking prevalence is influenced by a number of demographic factors, Norfolk has a Tobacco Control Strategy revised in March 2016. Admission episodes for alcohol-related conditions – narrow definition is worse for Norfolk than East of England and as well as England as a whole. The age group with the highest admission episodes is that of the 40-64 year old and although within this group males have a higher rate. For this age group Norfolk is significantly worse than the England value. Cannabis is the most commonly used drug by adults in the UK, fewer younger people are using heroin, and the population in treatment for heroin problems is getting older. Cocaine and ecstasy remain popular and ‘Legal highs’ pose dangers to users because new substances are rapidly appearing on the market. ‘Prescription only’ or ‘over the counter’ drugs are also substances included in addiction. Monitoring the prescription, abuse and withdrawal from certain prescription drugs has implications for primary healthcare, both in terms of practice and budgets.
2013 | Norfolk Drug and Alcohol Partnership
People whose day-to-day activities are limited by their health or disability is just over 1 in 5. It is estimated that people 18 to 64 who have a moderate physical disability are 8.1% and 2.5% a serious physical disability, which equates to over 41,500 and 12,500 people. Both rates are slightly higher than England (7.8% and 2.3%).
Criminal justice system
Norfolk has three prisons; HMP Bure, HMP Norwich and HMP Wayland. Offenders are more likely to smoke, misuse drugs and/or alcohol, suffer mental health problems, report having a disability, self-harm, attempted suicide and die prematurely compared to the general population. The links between poor health and reoffending have been documented along with the links with drugs and alcohol, housing and employment. Norfolk’s level of reoffending as a percentage of those who reoffend is similar to the national level, however first time offenders rate is higher than the national figure.
2014 | Norfolk County Council
Crime & sexual exploitation
Hospital admissions for victims of violent crime (including sexual violence) is significantly lower than that of England although the rate of violent crime and sexual offences rates per 1,000 population is similar or higher than that of England.
Over 90,000 people in Norfolk provide unpaid informal care every year which would cost the taxpayer over £500m to buy. Over half of carers are female, the majority of carers are over 50; just under 40% are aged 50-64 and just under 30% are 65 and over. There is an increased demand on the Carers of older people with Long-term conditions. The health and wellbeing of carers is also reported to be affected by the levels of caring, with Carers who care for someone for more than 50 hours a week twice as likely to be in poor health as non-carers.Carers UK report “Alone and caring” reveal 8 out of 10 carers have felt lonely or isolated as a result of their caring responsibilities. 57% had lost touch with friends and family and 38% of carers in full time employment have felt isolated from other people at work.
Norfolk Safeguarding Adults Board annual report 2016-17 reported Physical abuse as the most common type of abuse, that 50% of safeguarding enquiries were fully substantiated, more women than men were likely to be at risk and that 89% of people said they now felt safe after the safeguarding enquiry. The cost of treating physical health of victims of domestic abuse is £1.25 billion and the cost of the resulting mental disorders as £176 million (3% of the health budget). (Office of the Police and Crime commissioner for Norfolk).